D & U Activity Effectiveness
Reports, Papers, Web sites and other Tools
Linking Research and Practice
Attempts to integrate research in social welfare into social care practice and management have to date been only partially successful. The Joseph Rowntree Foundation in cooperation with a prominent children's charity in the United Kingdom, Bernardo's, sponsored this report. The report's authors spoke to those who commission research, carry it out, disseminate it and who—potentially—make use of it. They examine current approaches to dissemination and consider their effectiveness. They highlight obstacles to successful integration of research into practice, and suggest a range of strategies to assist successful dissemination and implementation of research findings.
Lessons in Evaluating Communication Campaigns: Five Case Studies (Coffman, 2004).
This Harvard Family Research Project paper examines how communication campaigns with different purposes (individual behavior change and policy change) have been evaluated. It offers a discussion of theories of change that can guide evaluation planning, along with five case studies of completed campaign evaluations. Each case study includes lessons from the evaluation and the paper finishes with a set of cross-case-study lessons gleaned from these evaluations and others.
Guidance for Evaluating Mass Communication Health Initiatives: Summary of an Expert Panel Discussion (Kennedy & Abbatangelo, Eds., 2005).
On May 3-4, 2004, the Center for Disease Control (CDC)'s Division of Health Communication (DHC) convened a panel of experts to clarify and suggest ways to approach some of the issues related to large-scale health communication programs. This summary of the expert panel discussion is organized under the following topics: (1) the role of theory in the evaluation of health communication programs and campaigns; (2) recommended evaluation methods, strategies and statistical issues; (3) coping with budget constraints; (4) considerations pertaining to health disparities and minority populations; and (5) public policy.
Peer-Reviewed Journals or Books
Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Evaluating Guideline Implementation Strategies (Grimshaw, Campbell, Eccles, & Steen, 2000).
The choice of study design for guideline implementation studies will determine the confidence with which the observed effects can be attributed to the interventions under study. In this article from Family Practice, the authors described a number of potential study designs, highlighting their advantages and disadvantages.
Moving research into practice: lessons from the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's IDSFN program (Gold & Taylor, 2007).
The U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) Integrated Delivery Systems Research Network (IDSRN) program was established to foster public-private collaboration between health services researchers and health care delivery systems. Mathematic Policy Research, Inc. evaluated the program to address two primary questions: 1) How successful was IDSRN in generating research findings that could be applied in practice? and 2) What factors facilitate or impede such success?, and published their findings in Implementation Science.
Knowledge transfer & exchange through social networks: building foundations for a community of practice within tobacco control (Norma & Huerta, 2006).
This Implementation Science article outlines an approach to laying the foundation for communities of practice (CoP) within the area of Web-assisted tobacco interventions (WATI). The objectives of the study were to provide a data-driven foundation to inform decisions about organizing a CoP within the geographically diverse, multi-disciplinary WATI group using evaluation and social network methodologies.
Defining the Effect and Mediators of Two Knowledge Translation Strategies Designed to Alter Knowledge, Intent and Clinical Utilization of Rehabilitation Outcomes Measures: A Study Protocol. (MacDermid, Solomon, Law, Russell, & Stratford, 2006).
This study, which appeared in Implementation Science, compares the effectiveness and mediators of two different knowledge transfer (KT) interventions in terms of their impact on changing knowledge and behavior (utilization and clinical reasoning) related to health outcome measures.
A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Three Methods of Disseminating Practice Guidelines for Children with Croup (Johnson et al., 2006).
This study, published in Implementation Science, identifies, from a societal perspective, the costs and associated benefits of three dissemination strategies for implementing a practice guideline that addresses the management of a croup, the common respiratory illness among children.
Evaluating the Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions Designed to Increase the Utilization of Evidence-Based Guidelines (Sculpher, 2000).
This Family Practice article considers the economic characteristics of implementation interventions and introduces methods by which their cost-effectiveness can be estimated in advance of significant investment.
Utilization Measurement: Focusing On the "U" in "D&U"
This special report focuses on the importance of utilization as a part of the dissemination process. Information is presented on strategies that can be helpful in designing ways to measure the effectiveness of your dissemination activities through their use by intended audiences. The report also highlights the need for utilization evaluation to be a helpful tool for project staff by suggesting ways to improve dissemination and resulting utilization outcomes. Steps for planning and implementing an effective utilization evaluation effort are described.