Developing a Logic Model
Reports, Papers, Web sites and other Tools
Enhancing Program Performance with Logic Models
This University of Wisconsin Extension online course introduces a holistic approach to planning and evaluating education and outreach programs. Module 1 helps program practitioners use and apply logic models. Module 2 applies logic modeling to a national effort to evaluate community nutrition education.
How to Build a Logic Model (Holm-Hansen, 2006).
This is one of the series of quarterly tip sheets researchers on staff at the Amherst H. Wilder Foundation developed. They introduce four very basic steps to develop a logic model: review and clarify the links between activity and outcomes; add inputs and outputs for each activity; construct a draft model; and review and revise.
The Logic Model for Program Planning and Evaluation (McCawley, n.d.)
This brief describes in general terms the process of producing a logic model. It suggests there should be a planning process, planning elements, situation statements, inputs, outputs, outcomes, external influences, and evaluation planning. It also depicts an "over-complicated, multi-dimensional planning model."
Peer-Reviewed Journals or Books
Gradient of Disability across the Socioeconomic Spectrum in the United States
Minkler, Fuller-Thompson and Guralnik (2006) investigated whether a gradient in disability exists in the United States among persons with middle–class and upper–class incomes specifically across the full spectrum of income among persons 55 years of age or older. Data were from the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey, a nationally representative survey of 890,698 households with a response rate of 95 percent. Findings suggest that functional limitation in Americans between the ages of 55 and 84 years is inversely related to social class across the full spectrum of the socioeconomic gradient. [Adapted from abstract provided by author.] (August 2006)
Using Concept Mapping to Develop a Logic Model for the Prevention Research Centers Program (Anderson et al., 2006).
Concept mapping is a structured conceptualization process that provides a visual representation of relationships among ideas. It involves developing questions to generate ideas about a program's purpose and function, then gathering input from stakeholders and sorting their ideas into themes. Finally, multivariate statistic analyzes are applied to these data to generate the concept maps. The Centers for Disease Control used this process to develop two logic models for the CDC Prevention Research Centers Program, one national and one local. This Preventing Chronic Disease outlines this process and presents drafts of the models' components. (This resource offers an interesting feature: users can place cursors over the screen to read the actual respondents' statements that contributed to the formation of each theme).
How do I develop a logic model?
Developing a logic model is a useful activity that could assist you or other project staff to plan for and maintain an integrated dissemination and utilization plan. Your logic model may be used to facilitate effective and efficient communication among staff members regarding shared goals and expected outcomes.
To view the basic components of a logic model framework and questions you and your team need to ask in designing your logic model, please click on Constructing a Logic Model.
An important consideration in designing logic models is having specific project objectives for particular target audiences and intended outcomes. Here are some examples of project targets for specific audiences and outcomes from which you can draw:
Report Of RUSH Focus Group Activity 2004-2005
In 2005 the staff of RUSH and the National Center for the Dissemination of Disability Research conducted focus groups to assess the extent to which people with disabilities seek out and use information to make decisions in their lives. This report addresses how people with disabilities value disability research.